Dramatic drop in juvenile domestic violence case filings follows launch of FIRS program

Image of dedicated members of King County Juvenile Court, the Prosecuting Attorney’s Office and the Department of Judicial Administration celebrating the FIRS Center

Compared to the same nine-month period last year, juvenile domestic violence case filings have dropped 62% since the Family Intervention and Restorative Services (FIRS) program launched in January 2016.


Stephanie Trollen, PAO legal services supervisor, designed this logo for FIRS after spearheading the program with PAO Juvenile Unit Chair Jimmy Hung.

Within a year of its inception, the impact of a new King County program aimed at reducing further involvement in the juvenile justice system is unprecedented: Compared to the same nine-month period last year, juvenile domestic violence case filings have dropped 62 percent.

The program, Family Intervention and Restorative Services (FIRS), offers youth arrested for family violence incidents space at an overnight respite center instead of secure detention. FIRS staff offer de-escalation counseling to safely reunite youth with their family. At no cost to them, families are offered in-home family counseling, mental health services, drug and alcohol services, and the Step-Up Program, which specifically addresses adolescent family violence.

Before FIRS began in January, youth and families had to go through the formal court process before they could access services such as the Step-Up Program. Now families engage with the FIRS team immediately and receive services within days of the incident that brought them to court.

“Imagine calling 911 because you’re afraid of your child,” said King County Prosecuting Attorney Dan Satterberg at the center’s opening ceremony earlier this year. “You want help. You want help that day, you want help the next day, but you don’t necessarily want the due process menu that the criminal justice system is going to offer you.”

Historically, juvenile domestic violence had constituted a third of juvenile detention bookings. Youth were booked into detention for domestic violence more often than any other offense and, in nearly 90 percent of these cases, the violence was against a family member.

Program strengthened by partnerships

Inspired by a similar program in Pima County, Arizona, King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office (PAO) Juvenile Unit Chair Jimmy Hung and PAO Legal Services Supervisor Stephanie Trollen spearheaded efforts to change legislation and team up with partners that made the program possible. FIRS is now a partnership between the King County PAO, King County Superior Court, the Department of Public Defense, the Department of Adult and Juvenile Detention, the Department of Judicial Administration, the Prosecuting Attorney, and the City of Seattle.

The program started offering supportive services first and then added a physical overnight center staffed by a non-profit community partner, Pioneer Human Services. The FIRS Center is based in a non-detention area of the Youth Services Center. A city and forest-themed mural, which court-involved youth painted through paid Urban ArtWorks internships, welcomes visitors to the center. Comfortable furniture, books, a TV and board games give it a living room atmosphere. Brightly patterned quilts, pillows and rugs outfit each unlocked dorm.

Response from families and youth

Families and youth who have used the FIRS center and counseling services have expressed gratitude and relief that the program was around during a time of crisis.

“As traumatic as this was, the result is already much improved at home,” one parent wrote to a Juvenile Court probation counselor. “I am so grateful for FIRS. I wish this program existed everywhere.”

One young man who stayed in the FIRS center this year also expressed gratitude for the kindness of the FIRS Center’s staff and services: “I just hope all of you know that you helped me change my life for the better and I would like to thank you all.”

King County Juvenile Court Judge Regina Cahan, who helped coordinate the program with other partners, said she’s seeing families receive services that they may have never accessed without FIRS.

“The respite center has provided youth a safe place to stay when families need a little more time before reuniting,” said Judge Cahan. “It’s exciting to see the program working so well.”

Juvenile justice reform continues

Along with several other juvenile justice policy reforms and alternative programs, the reduction in filings and detention admissions for domestic violence cases may be helping decrease the average daily population in juvenile detention. Overall King County Juvenile Court filings were down 25 percent during the first nine months of 2016.

The average daily population range in King County’s juvenile detention has dropped from about 60 youth last year to an average range about 55 youth this year. Since 1998, the overall juvenile detention population has decreased by almost 70 percent.

Other new juvenile justice reforms include changes to warrant policies, remote access to judges, expanded use of Alternatives to Secure Detention program, Creative Justice, Restorative Mediation, and the Peacemaking Circle process.

The intention of each program is to further reduce interaction with the juvenile justice system and the racial disproportionalities within it. Juvenile Court will release its year-end 2016 juvenile justice statistics early next year.

More information

To find out more about FIRS, contact Paul Daniels, Juvenile Court Service Manager, at 206-205-9426.

King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office: Family Intervention and Restorative Services (FIRS)

King County Youth Justice: New domestic violence intervention reduces juvenile detention stays

In the news

The Seattle Times: New diversion program for King County youths offers ‘cooling off’ options

Capitol Hill Times: King County opens Family Intervention and Restorative Services Center

KING 5: Pilot program reduces youth violence